Severe winter conditions in Mongolia, known as Dzud, are threatening the livelihoods of thousands of Mongolian herders in eastern and northern parts of the country. Dzud is caused by the twin impacts of drought in the summer, resulting in insufficient grass in pastures and low production of hay, and harsh conditions in the winter, including heavy snowfall and extremely low temperatures.
According to the National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA), livestock losses had reached 42,546 in early February. This figure is expected to grow exponentially in the months ahead when a long harsh spring takes hold after the extremely cold winter Heavy snowfalls and snowstorms are set to continue through March and temperatures are likely to dip below -35 degrees during the night.
The Mongolian Red Cross Society is delivering humanitarian aid to affected communities in the worst-affected provinces. Please support us with a donation.
16 February, 2017 - Beijing/Geneva. Today, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched an International Emergency Appeal to aid thousands of herder families in Mongolia whose livelihoods are at risk from severe winter conditions known as Dzud.
The Dzud - caused by the twin impacts of winter snowstorms and freezing weather coupled with the impacts of drought in the summer of 2016 - has depleted herders’ reserves of hay and fodder and is threatening the lives of millions of livestock in eastern and northern parts of the country. As conditions deteriorate, more than 157,000 people are currently at risk across 17 of Mongolia’s 21 provinces.
“This is the second successive year that some of these herders have been hit by Dzud”, explains Madame Nordov Bolormaa, Secretary General of the Mongolian Red Cross. “Livestock is the only source of food, transport and income for almost half of the Mongolian population and we have to act now to help herders survive over the coming months”.
According to the National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA), livestock losses had reached more than 25,000 animals by late January. This figure is expected to grow exponentially in the months ahead when a long harsh spring takes hold after the extremely cold winter. Heavy snowfalls and snowstorms are expected to continue through March and temperatures are expected to dip below -35 degrees during the night.
“In spring animals give birth and when the livestock are already exhausted from the winter they are at high risk without adequate feed, shelter and veterinarian care which does not exist in some remote areas of country,” explains Madame Bolormaa.
The IFRC appeal aims to raise 655,500 Swiss francs (Euros 614,000 Euros, USD 654,000) to support the ongoing relief efforts of the Mongolian Red Cross. Assistance will be provided over a 10 month period to some 11,264 people considered to be most at risk. Each family will receive an unconditional cash grant of 245,000 Mongolian Tugrik (100 Swiss francs) to be used on their priority household needs which could include food, clothing or fodder for their livestock.
The appeal will also support a range of health interventions. A ‘Psychosocial support Programme’, in partnership with Save The Children, will provide emotional support to 2,000 children at boarding schools and living in school dormitories away from their herder parents. Distribution of basic First Aid kits to 1,000 herder households will benefit many communities who lack access to regular and emergency health services. Funds will also be used to prepare communities against future Dzuds. 300 portable grass harvesters will be purchased for Mongolian Red Cross branches from where they will be rented to herder teams for hay collection.
“We are concerned that we will see a repeat of last year’s Dzud when many herders sold their animals while they were still alive and oversupply of livestock resulted in very low market prices”, explains Gwendolyn Pang, Head of the IFRC’s Country Cluster Support Team in Beijing. “Families with fewer animals to sell are particularly vulnerable. Many will lose their livelihoods and will have no choice but to migrate to slum areas on the outskirts of Ulaan Baatar and other urban centres where they will face great social and economic hardship”.
For further information contact:
Gwendolyn Pang, Head of IFRC Country Cluster Support Team, IFRC
Mobile: +86 1351 107 5162 Email: Gwendolyn.email@example.com
In Kuala Lumpur:
Patrick Fuller, communications manager, IFRC Asia Pacific office
Mobile : +60 122 308 451 E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Matthew Cochrane, Manager, Media and Advocacy/Spokesperson, IFRC
Mobile: +41 79 251 80 39 E-mail: email@example.com